I thought it might be interesting to talk about world views. The below chart is the best (the only one I know of) that summarizes the "filters" when we process information. According to the writers, we pass new information through each of these filters and form our opinions of the new information based on our established beliefs on each topic. This is in the social science realm and sometimes these world-views are boiled down to 6. The chart provides pop up explainations in each block.
Note that this curriculum, called "Understanding the Times" is not affiliated with Understanding the Times, International (that I know of). I was introduced to the 1st edition of this book (now long borrowed and never returned) and have always liked the chart.