Also, I would suggest, as a historiographical study as to that particular translation issue, The Death of Scripture and the Rise of Biblical Studies - Michael C. Legaspi.
Jewish and Modern scholars who insist on "young woman" do so through the Hebrew text. Luke, and early Christians, were reading from the Greek LXX. Which version is "Scripture"? How do we make that determination?
Well, that only really became an issue with the Renaissance and the modern university.