This could probably go in several existing threads.
What Is the Chief Political Concern of the Bible?
Tim Suttle has posited the question to some of the world's top theologians and scholars. There will still be disagreement on what exactly it means to live out any of the answers they gave, but I thought it was valuable to read.
I suggest reading the introduction of Tim's post. It's important as he describes how we normally start with our idea of politics and then seek religious rationale for those beliefs, going to the Bible to affirm our already held political beliefs.
A few of the responses:
N.T. Wright, New Testament Scholar at University of St. Andrews
The chief political concern of the Scriptures is for God's wise and loving ordering of his world to be operative through humans who will share his priorities, especially his concern for the poor, the weak and the vulnerable. This concern was embodied by Jesus in his inauguration of 'God's kingdom' through his public career and especially his self-giving death, which together set the pattern for a radically redefined notion of power.William Cavanaugh, Theologian specializing in Political theology at DePaul
Jesus' chief political concern was clearly for more tax cuts for the rich. 'My yoke is easy, and my burden is light' is an obvious reference to cutting or eliminating capital gains taxes. This is the only way of explaining why hedge fund managers were so close to his heart.Stanley Hauerwas, Theologian and ethicist at Duke Divinity School
The chief political concern of the Bible is to worship God truly.Walter Brueggemann, Old Testament Scholar, Columbia Theological Seminary
I believe that the central political question is the management of public power in order that there should be an economically viable life for all members of the community. Thus justice is front and center and some texts, especially in Deuteronomy, are for the distribution of wealth in order that all may be viable. Obviously such justice is marked by mercy, compassion and generosity. The purpose is to create a genuine neighborhood for all the neighbors.Obviously, there are some common themes running through the responses. Is there one that resonates well with your own understanding?Brian McLaren, Author and theologian
God's solidarity with the poor, oppressed, outcast and forgotten.